repairs septic drain fields

HOW SEPTIC SYSTEMS WORK AND DRAIN FIELD MAINTENANCE

repairs septic drain fields

Septic Distribution Process

I’d like to go above and beyond for you with Septic Drainer, which repairs septic drain fields, and quickly explain how your septic system works. Or rather, how it was meant to work when originally installed. I will also provide a solution for when you suspect septic drain field failure.

Because without this insight, fixing your septic system will be like trying to piece together a puzzle. But you'd be doing it without the picture on the box!

Once you understand exactly how septic systems work, it’s easy to see why Septic Drainer repairs septic drain fields. (Need to remember where your tank is? Septi-Marker marks the locations of septic risers and distribution boxes. It’s also safe for lawns and low enough for lawnmowers to go over. Order your Septi-Marker here!

repairs septic drain fields

Conventional Septic System

    • Wastewater flows from the home or business into a septic tank

 

    • Solids settle on the bottom of the tank, and less dense materials, such as grease, oils and soap, float to the top.

 

    • The liquid in the middle of the tank or wastewater flows out into a distribution box, which distributes the water into the septic drain field.

 

  • Baffles prevent grease, oil and soap from escaping into the septic drain field.

The septic drain field is a series of trenches lined with perforated pipes, covered by soil. The wastewater passes through holes in the pipes and leaches into the drain field soil. This acts as a natural filter.

repairs septic drain fields

Dry Well Septic

    • Wastewater flows from the home or business into a septic tank

 

    • Solids settle on the bottom of the tank, and less dense materials, such as grease, oils and soap, float to the top.

 

    • The liquid in the middle of the tank (“wastewater”) flows under baffles that prevent soap and grease from entering the septic drywell.

 

    • The wastewater flows via a pipe into the drywell, usually a tall concrete cylinder that has holes in the side and an open bottom, covered in soil.

 

  • The wastewater then seeps out into the surrounding soil, which filters the effluent.

repairs septic drain fields

Cesspool

    • Wastewater flows from the home or business into a cesspool septic tank.

 

    • The tank is a hole lined with stone or concrete to form a pit into which sewage is discharged.

 

    • Solids settle on the bottom of the tank, and liquids remain on top.

 

  • Wastewater is absorbed into the soil of the septic drain field, from both below and through the sides of the cesspool.

repairs septic drain fields

Fix Septic Drain Leach Field Problems Today!

  • On average, a drain or leach field consists of a series of pipes buried 18″ within the ground on top of a bed of gravel. These drainage pipes sit parallel with one other and are all linked together coming out of the distribution box.
  • Liquefied sewage moves through the system under the weight of gravity from the septic tank, through the distribution box and into each of the drainage pipes.
  • On most new septic system constructions, the opposite end (the very end) of the drain pipes are tied together and vented above the ground. A functioning drain or leach field will dispose of household wastewater by draining the liquefied sewage through many small weep holes (in the drain field pipes) into the dry subsoil under the system.
  • After the liquefied sewage drains away from these pipes, if it is filtered by 36 inches of dry soil (colonized with aerobic bacteria). It will then again become clean ground water.

Most townships base a drain leach field size by adding 500′ of drainage pipe for each bedroom in the home.

Currently, septic installers place a drain around the outside of the drain/leach field area to remove excess ground water. The idea behind this "curtain drain" is to remove built-up water. This allows the liquefied sewage to drain or filter through the necessary 36″ of dry soil.

When groundwater builds up under a drain/leach field, dark liquified sewage will float to the top. This causes a foul ‘septic’ odor. This is referred to as a ‘Glazed’ drain/leach field. This more common with older drain/leach fields, and is considered a dangerous failure that must be repaired. Leach field maintenance is very important to the proper functioning of your system. Septic Drainer will help to fix septic drain leach field problems and maintain your system.

Your Septic Tank: What You Need To Know

Depending on the number of bedrooms, a septic tank (holding tank) can range in size from 500 to 3,000+ gallons (1,000 gallons being average). It is an important part of how septic systems work.

Your septic tank is setup to only allow liquid to pass through to the drain/leach field. This prevents clogging of the small weep holes and dry soil with suspended solids. This task is performed through microbial digestion and separation.

Within your septic tank, denser solids sink to the bottom and form "sludge." The lighter solids, such as oil and grease, move to the top, forming the "scum layer."

Between these upper and lower layers should be all liquid. Inside your septic tank there are a series of baffles. These baffles work to keep the scum layer held at the top and the solids pooled at the bottom. That way, only liquid can flow to the outlet pipe. This is the process of separation.

The only other thing you really need to note is that your septic tank turns solids into liquid through the process of microbial digestion. Sludge and scum are liquefied by natural enzymes and bacteria within your septic tank. This same process is used at municipal waste water treatment plants all throughout the country.

After microbial digestion occurs, all the liquefied sewage flows out of the septic tank and into the drain/leach field. The solids fall to the bottom of the tank and the liquid flows out to the septic drain field.

Septic Distribution Box

Once in the septic tank, gravity then causes the liquefied sewage to flow to a small box called the septic distribution box. You can spread the waste water evenly across your entire drain/leach field by running liquefied sewage into this one box. It has multiple out-pipes.

Once the wastewater has entered the drain/leach field, it then leaks out of small weep holes in the bottom of the pipes. The waste water is then naturally filtered through dry soil, until it once again becomes clean groundwater.

 

Remember, Septic Drainer repairs septic drain fields quickly and easily, saving you thousands in costly repairs. Our safe, non-toxic product should be your first line of defense!

every order includes step by step instructions to maintain/repair a septic system

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